tv Discussion on Campus Sexual Assaults CSPAN January 14, 2016 8:00pm-9:07pm EST
>> ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the aauw newsmaker for the national press club. ii am tony gallo with the newsmakers committee. the national press club is the oldest official organization for journalists and newsmakers. if you are interested in joining please see me afterwards. our membership is open to professionals in those fields. we are fortunate to have two of the leaders at the aauw. lisa is the top lobbyist at a iw. she made several organizations including equal pay organization. previously she worked for congressman carol maloney.
she is a phi beta kappa graduate of ohio university and has several degrees from ohio state university. and had path is a government relations manager, 165,000 members, 1,000 chapters: 900 university colleges participating. she is the voice on capitol hill to communicate with legislation and members of congress. he is a graduate of davidson college. with that, i have spoken long enough. >> thank you. >> one more thing. after they are finished we will have questions from the audience. please identify yourself and speak loud enough for everyone to hear you. >> thank you so much. good morning.
what a great crowd. thank you for coming out. it is an important topic. care so deeply about you could say it is in our dna. we have about 170,000 members, over 1,000 branches clearly this is an issue that affects our members and the issues we care about. we about. they are pleased and excited the press club invited us to be here today and are here today to talk about campus sexual assault. my work on this issue is informed by my 13 years as well as my tenure as executive director of turning.of the domestic violence program recognized by the ohio supreme court. court. i also worked at wyndham university where was a hall director. i can personally attest to the fact that this issue is not new.
this issue is not new. what is new is the spotlight that has been put on it. what is new is the amazing outspoken survivors that are telling their stories and speaking a little truth to power. what is new is a white house task force on campus sexual assault. what is new is i think reenergized offices of civil rights of the department of education that has responded quite frankly to a national clamor for better enforcement and technical assistance. in many respects a perfect storm, if you will. it reminds me quite frankly of what i was working a turning.doing women's work in the o.j. simpson trial came through in the 1st violence against women act was passed and it was kind of this national teaching about domestic violence at that point. i feel similar and i'm glad to see a talk about sexual assault on campus out loud
and with aa real sense of being able to do something about it. when campus environments are hostile because of sexual harassment and violence students cannot learn. it is that simple and devastating. schools have an important and necessary role to play in addressing this epidemic. why? students rights to an education free of sex discrimination are online and while some schools have risen to the challenge, others have not had some clearly are not in compliance. long identified the need to end sexual harassment on campus. our own research shows that nearly two thirds of college students experience sexual harassment. many of you may be familiar with the one in five statistic in terms of how campus sexual assault affects women. what you might not be familiar with and is less known is one in five women in college also experience physical or sexual abuse or
threats of physical abuse from a partner. college aged women experience the highest rates of partner violence in the country. long identified the need to talk about this issue which attacks both men and women, students from all walks of life and for all kinds of reasons they are all grossly underreported to schools and law enforcement. provide the tools that schools need to improve campus climates for everyone title ix is the gender neutral law that prohibits sex discrimination in federally funded education. take steps to eliminate sexual harassment, prevent recurrence and to address their impacts not only an individual students but the campus as a whole. this includes evaluating current practices top publishing antidiscrimination policies
and in bloomingtonimplement in grievance procedures providing for a prompt and equitable resolution of complaints. schools must also provide accommodations to students such as adjusting housing arrangements or changing class schedules and providing academic support from actions that they are uniquely situated to provide. all schools should have a title ix coordinator to oversee these activities as well as monitor patterns and address systemic problems. it is important to no that these requirements are not new. as i. as i said earlier, the issue is not new and neither are the requirements that the school address it. they date back to the laws 1st regulations in 1975. instrumental in passing the 1972 title ix and instrumental in urging the ford admintration to finally do the regulations. it took more than three years but got done. since then the us department of education has continued to provide sexual assistance
and guidance that promotes compliance with the law. schools also follow a consumer protection law that requires colleges and universities that participate in federal financial aid programs. we have that link to federal money which comes with strings. to get the federal financial aid to disclose crime statistics and security information. originally passed in 1990 congress updated the act just recently. in 20132013 it was part of a bipartisan reauthorization within the violence against women act. these updates require schools to report additional crime statistics and to provide ongoing sexual assault prevention and bystander intervention training camps. this public report of a school safety effort is valuable that students and parents provide insight to the school who are working
to improve campus safety programs. the most recent regulations were adopted through a negotiated rulemaking process with diverse stakeholders. the key to remember is that it was a diverse group and they came to aa consensus that in and of itself in this day and age is unusual. the fact that we had campus police, survivors, administrators, advocacy groups together doing network and coming to consensus speaks well in terms of overall concern for this issue. they work through these complex issues and came to aa consensus which went into effect on july 1 of last year. this new query data is now available which is part of the reason we are here today. we look forward to the positive impact that this will have and the lessons that we can learn from the implementation. these reports are incredibly useful. useful because they help to
design adequate responses and build programs that address gender-based violence. schools that are not robustly taking advantage of this report are shortchanging their entire campus. title ix and security act a long-standing complementary laws that work together to ensure students and schools have a clear course of action when sexual violence occurs. despite claims of overreach, these requirements are not new. appropriately,new. appropriately, schools are not in the business of imposing criminal punishment. the decisions are best left to authorities in charge of criminal investigation prostitution. if a survivor decides to go down that path. the school civil rights proceedings and any criminal investigation represents parallel yet equally necessary pass. laws and legal precedents spell out clear requirements for schools to be prompt, fair, and impartial and all disciplinary proceedings and
title ix echoes these due process requirements by reminding schools to be adequate, reliable, impartial, and prompt and include the opportunity for both parties to present witnesses and other evidence. this is in whatever process, have messed rid of setting or hearing process that the school puts together. similarly, the process requires that school processes be prompt, fair, and impartial and that both parties received timely notice regarding the outcome of proceedings. so the data in many respects is part of what we are interested in today. because with the new regulation going into effect on july 1 we have the 1st reporting under the new regulation on campus sexual assault as well as domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking, the 1st data which is important when a new law goes through, how it will be implemented.
of the whole point is to give us aa sense of what we might be doing better moving forward. here is the rub: the top line finding from an analysis that was done of the cleary act data and the new data that just came out was the 91 percent of campuses disclose zero reports of rape. letrape. let me say that will more time. 91 percent of campuses reported or disclosed zero incidents of rape. now, we know that is defying reality and research. what is really going on? there is more here obviously that simple data. for that we will turn to my valued colleague. >> thank you. the new research also took a look at a few other categories of crime that are
disclosed every year by every school as a part of the requirement. so we are 91% of campuses campuses91 percent of campuses certified that they did not receive a single report of rape, we also looked at new categories including dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. these additions are knew for 2014 and are in the database now for the 1st time and were a part of the violence against women act reauthorization in 2013. collecting information about dating violence, domestic violence and stalking in addition to rate matters because we know the students are not immune from sexual harassment and sexual violence. college-age women generally experienced the highest rates of intimate partner violence and as we mentioned, many are sexually assaulted during college and one in five college women
experience physical abuse, sexual abuse, threats of physical violence at the hands of an intimate partner during college. in addition, many college women experience dating abuse including physical and sexual, verbal, or controlling abuse. it is clear the students experience this violence. violence. this is happening at schools every day, and now for the 1st time we have a set of information about the scope of the problem on every single campus. what the research found was that similar to rape only about 10% of college campuses disclosed a reported incident in these news categories in 2014. again, having such a low proportion of campuses with reported incidents of dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking does not square with a wealth does not square with a wealth of information that we have about how many individuals are actually impacted every single year. the research also takes a
quick look at the nearly 4000 main or primary campuses of colleges and universities with enrollment of at least 250 students and why we did that is because the overall numbers that we have our about every student, and i want to stress that every student matters which is why the data is so valuable. community colleges, small programs all the way up to bigger schools that we read about all the time. looking at just those bigger campuses we still found that reporting withwithout of line with what we know about the incidence of crime. about 76% of those campuses disclosed zero rape reports in 2014. this is a problem. the silver lining in our findings is that campuses that reported one type of sexual violence often disclosed other types as well. it also suggests that some schools have built the necessary systems to welcome
report, others with a cross board have not. what kind of conclusions can we draw? the big one is schools have a lot of work to do. what is particularly frustrating is something i want to echo, our scrutiny follows several years of increased attention to campus sexual violence. been around for 25 years and was the anniversary year and we have seen things as increased attention from the department of education kicking out more recently in 2010 and 11, 2013 reauthorization of the violence against women act in the white house task force focusing on these issues.
schools have been put on notice and given tools to help improve the support system, policies, and procedures to response to sexualrespond to sexual violence. the 2014 cleary act data that is looked into reveals far too many schools are not taking this on and many may not be following the law. some schools have as i mentioned being seen to be welcoming reporting and than disclosing it here. in that vein i want to drive home an important point. many of us know this, but it bears repeating. one incident is too many but we know it remains prevalent and should expect to have incidents to disclose annually. zeros on the red flag and we must keep that in mind when looking at the data. how can schools rise to the challenge? they should be because doing so helps everyone. getting the correct numbers in the annual data collection helps college leaders allocate resources to improve prevention and
response, think about that specifically. if those are prevalent that may be exactly the type of prevention the school needs and counting these numbers correctly and accurately reflects that survivors are counted and that assaults were counted which is easily is important. while we hope that schools are reporting accurate data and what, i mean, numbers that reflect all of the reports received, if not they need to take action to change the procedures quickly to verify and validate the data they are sending every year, but another thing they need to be thinking about beyond the accuracy of the data is simply that the numbers disclosed in the collection are from reported incidents and so obviously a big gap is between the number of actual incidents in the
number of reported incidents. we know there are many survivors on college campuses who do not disclose there rapes to college officials a law enforcement. this suggests that they consider a few things to help close the gap between actual and reported incidents. the 1st thing is to develop policies and procedures and campuswide training to ensure the proper handling. if students don't know who to go to, if schools have confusing policies about what happens when someone reports and if no one is trained on what to do when they receive a report the environment is unlikely to encourage survivors to come forward. it is smart for a school to do this but it is also law. title ix requires schools to do these things. another thing is for schools to think about doing an activity like public education are and reporting options, making available online opportunities to
report, providing a hotline for students. these things can make reporting as easy as possible which can be critical to closing that gap between the actual number of incidents in the reported number of incidents. i also want to mention something that we think could be a game changer for schools. aa vital tool to close the gap between actual reported incidents. you don't knowyou don't know what you don't know. by asking students about their experiences, whether or not the reported and why schools can improve campus climate, learn from the experience and make changes, target prevention efforts, ensuring programming reflects the individual campus needs and what students are actually telling them which ultimately can bring to the school attention the number of actual incidents and set a benchmark for improving reporting will hopefully working to effectively prevent sexual violence.
the research joins a wealth of recent research that is telling us more and more about sexual harassment and violence on college campuses whi some of the ideas i just mentioned that may help solve the problem may seem like common sense, just over a year ago senator mccaskill released a report were schools were surveyed, only, only 16 percent of those who responded were doing climate surveys in 2014, the year that we are talking about. half of the institutions made reporting easy by having a hotline or online option available. to eradicate the overwhelming number that we saw in the cleary data collection these practices must change. as we all know, data can tell a powerful story. another example that i wanted to mention is over the past month we have seen stories about new research regarding the incidence of
sexual violence specifically around division i football it goes upbecause of dramatically. understanding climate issues may contribute to the incidence of sexual violence and can help the school tackle prevention and response and hopefully lead to less sexual harassment and violence, much like the data that was used in research the cleary collection data can help drive solutions for schools, students, the community command policymakers. data is a friend, and we want schools to use it. all of this research overlaps and tells a story that we have more to do on prevention, school processes and policies, reporting and data collection. one thing we wanted to speak to today and that we have already mentioned this morning is that the findings join but are contrasted to long-standing research and victimization. 91 percent of schools closing zero reports of rape
contrasted to what we know that has been validated and replicated over time that between one and four and one in five women are experiencing some unwanted sexual violence during their college years. we have seen individual campus climate to have campus climate surveys. and recently we saw the findings in a "washington post" national survey. with their research,with their research, the kaiser family foundation found that 20 percent of young women who attended college say they were sexually assaulted and many more endured an attempted attackand attempted attack or other intimate partner violence. it is this overwhelming story about how many individuals experience sexual violence that casts an alarming light on our finding that so many schools report zero incidents. alisa can add to this point
with additional research that has been conducted and other things that we are seeing across the country. >> well, they have done research on this. our national climate survey to look at campus sexual violence. i mentioned earlier, two thirds of students have experienced some form of sexual harassment on campus. the other thing we found in research is that it happens to men as well as women which is something that is important to remember. it does not happen as often and is not necessarily is harmful in terms of the outcomes for college education, but it is a problem. one of the things we have seen in national surveys is that 7% of men,7 percent of men, young men have suffered some kind of sexual assault on campus. what is interesting in many respects about that statistic is not only does it underscore the continued need for title ix to be gender-neutral. in gender-neutral.
in fact, that is why the law was written as it was. but there is actually evidence out they're that says man is more likely to be sexually assaulted than falsely accused of such assault. which is also an important point to make. a man is more likely to be assaulted himself than to be falsely accused of the crime. there are next steps, congress and communities can take to assist schools and students in their efforts to end sexual harassment and violence. we have sexual harassment and violence work on a continuum, and starts early and that if wewe're going to look at solid prevention strategies at the college level we need to be talking about this in kindergarten. we did talk about healthy relationships and violence prevention, looking at bullying and harassment, much of which can have a gender component. wewe need to think about
that continuum. if you can interrupt it further down the run much less of a risk of it escalating in the sexual assault and rape and even murder. as i said earlier, we know that young men themselves are affected by this and that there is also a unique lg bt q component to this particular problem. that also needs to be addressed and space needs to be made in terms of how policies are written and applied to understand everyone's lives in this particular issue -- instance. we also know that the time immediately following an incident is critical for survivors. they need access to a safe space, to medical or counseling care and information about their rights. they also need to have an idea about where they can
seek traditional support, and i would like to stress here that schools do not have to do this alone. most communities have some type of a domestic violence or sexual assault hotline, counseling, even prevention programs so that there are local experts quite frankly who are eager to work with colleges and universities to do this kind of prevention work and provide the kinds of services that are necessary to help survivors. schools also need to ensure there is a confidential -- confidential adviser available to connect survivors with resources. schools need to talk about what the students right saarc whether they want to report to police or not and what that entails. what their rights are on campus if they want to file a complaint, what services are available. these are all things that a survivor and crisis, particularly a young young woman who may be just now removed from her family, her 1st year at college removed from friends and church and other support groups that she normally has , this is the kind of thing she needs when she comes to college. the supported survivor outreach and support campus act or sos campus act would
ensure schools take these critical steps. in addition, these climate and victimization surveys can help schools better understand the dynamic behind reported and unreported incidents of sexual violence. i sometimes think that schools are hesitant to do these climate surveys because they are viewing campus sexual assault as a public relations issue more so than a safety issue and quite frankly as a civil rights issue. something to remember is what we are talking about campus sexual assault that is a civil rights issue is much as it may be a criminal matter. it is part part of the reasons why schools have a responsibility through title ix to make sure that this behavior is not getting in the way of someone's right to an education, that public relations issue is key. i want to be clear that there are good actors.
but the reality is many times schools have been concerned that if they have a safetya safety report that accurately reflects the kind of crime that might be on campus somehow that will be bad for business, that parents and/or students might look at those reports and wonder if they should attend that school. in today's reality with the fact that so many people are talking about this issue, it is so clearly present in the national conversation that schools need to get past that puerto rico concern. if i had a daughter going to college i would much prefer a university that steps up to the microphone and says you know what, we have a problem. it happens everywhere, which means it also happens here. here is what we will do, here is how we comply with laws, file title ix, make sure your doing everything that we can as an administration to support our students.
that would be comforting. you do not need to gloss it over and pretend it does not happen. address it. right up front. and that in and of itself could be revolutionary. these climate surveys, as i said to help us understand the dynamics between reported and unreported incidents, but they also help us assess administrative and cultural factors on campus that can undermine reporting and can create barriers to accessing services. climate surveys cannot be stressed enough and as nsaid far too many schools do not do them. one of the other benefits of climate surveys is the longitudinal nature of them. you can see how things are improving over time. you can see a prevention efforts are working, if students are over time learning about the processes and their rights that are available to them on campus. and if they are not you can address that, come back and figure it out, but you are not going to know unless you do the survey. schools need information in
order to effectively combat this epidemic, and this info, information that is accurate, clear, and reporting is what is going to provide them with the data that they need. when done well climate surveys provide transparency which is what a lot of survivors are asking for and also the kind of transparency that is crucial to student safety as well as a useful tool to help schools find in their response which is the other thing i wish to make clear. there is not necessarily a one-size-fits-all solution. yes, you must follow title ix in the clear he act, but the climate survey can help you find out what your specific problems are on your specific campus so that you can readily design very specific solutions. the halt campus sexual violence act would require surveys and schools.
surveys were something recommended through the white house task force. this particular bill would require schools to do it, and we are fully for it. finally, we urge congress to provide additional resources to the department of education to support schools , title ix coordinator's and other stakeholders on relevant laws and best practices. one other glamour of positive motion moving forward is one of the things the office of civil rights and department of education recently released as a 1st ever -- we will call it a toolkit for title ix coordinator's. honestly title ix's been around for more than 40 years. for the 1st time ever we actually have a toolkit that tells them what there job is that reinforces that they cannot be retaliated against for doing their job, that talks about the depth and breadth of title ix, that it is not simply just athletics. that it talks about pregnant parenting students were sexual violence on campus and access to all of the things that title ix can be useful for. this is a huge deal. this is revolutionary in some respects. our members across the country a printing out new
materials and hand delivering them to title ix coordinator's at colleges and universities and k-12 schools. part of the reason this is important is because we have found through our own research that not only do a lot of schools not necessarily have a title ix coordinator appointed, but many folks who are appointed do not know it. right? you call and ask and great story from when i was at a conference, a woman came up to me afterwards because she was excited about the information and wanted to take it back to her school. at the break she called her president at the university. and she said i am so excited about this, who do i need to talk to to make sure we are doing what we need to do. so i share this information. in the college president said, you are.
that can't happen. we need to make sure that they have this information, information,information, and i am so proud of members for getting this information out as it truly could be revolutionary in terms of how we address things. there are schools working diligently to respond to incidents of sexual or allowance and technical assistance can help to make real change. we have seen an uptick in complaints which is part of why we need additional funding for the office of civil rights and department of education as wll as the office that handles cleary supporting and complaints. there is an unprecedented number of complaints under compliance or lack thereof. additional funding is needed to provide ongoing technical assistance as well as to hold bad actors accountable. let me give you more detail because numbers are quite
frankly astounding. us department of education office of civil rights responsible for enforcing title ix as well as other civil rights education currently has staffing levels that are 15 percent below levels ten years ago. more than 50 percent below levels 30 years ago. at a time when we are actually seeing not only an uptick in complaints but an uptick in the complexity of the issues that we are dealing with, they need the resources not just for the import -- andenforcement practices but for the technical assistance to help schools comply a single incident of sexual violence is one too many. when it interferes with the students education adds insult to injury. working the stem the tide.
the dinges pass it needs to have information about campus sexual assault. these bills on capitol hill have attracted bipartisan attention. we can put an additional protection and programming and requirements in place following up unsuccessful authorizations and start to make great headway. thank you and we will stand for questions. [applause]
if the data is accurate albeit for doing a happy dance. >> when it is not accurate we are looking at the difference studies of the past 20 years out of the department of justice but this is starting as early as in the late 1980s one of the research studies looked at about 6,000 students at 32 colleges, number around 20 percent. 91 percent reported they had
zero reported incidents of rape which does not match up then with the surveys, detailed research and long-standing research that will me ask students about their experiences as many as one in four or one in five are experiencing sexual assault. i . to some of the more recent ones we have been excited to see some schools also release their information from their climate surveys which i mentioned as well. schools are transparent about survey findings were to go so far as to release data without personally
identifying information providing aa wealth of additional information to the conversation and we would encourage schools to be transparent with the data. a great example is we did need i think mit release information and some people were able to say i don't know did this question get at what you wanted it to, and this may be an evolving field of study. one of the differences between all the research is looking at the different questions that they ask. at the end of the day i think it all comes together, coalesces around a.that we want to make. we see a lot of it when we ask students about their experiences, they are not being borne out in the reported numbers, and that has happened yet again that we look at the cleary data collection about the reported number of rates in 2014. does that help? >> other questions. >> recommend going to local schools rather than using an audible any evidence that
along with the college? >> it is an excellent question. if you're a victima victim of sexual assault on campus in the campus has a police force do you go there, go to local police, and what kind of kind of proprietary interests my campus police have in terms of how they handle campus sexual assault? i think that one of the things that we need to remember when it comes to criminal reporting is that there are very good reasons why this, so perpetually underreported. victims on the surly want forward. there often re- victimized when they do. services are inadequate. test police and prosecutors are not receptive are helpful when survivors comport. so there are reasons why they are not -- why they might not come forward. what is interesting
now -- and we just saw this actually would bernie sanders who stumbled a little bit over an answer for campus sexual assault, one of the things that he said was we should be telling the students to go to the police and not letting universities covered up. and i think he meant well in the sense that he was doing that now encouraging students to go to the police somehow meant that it allowed the college to handle it in its own little way answer to the rug, but the reality is they college cannot sweep it under the rug. they have to keep track of the civil rights protections , have to have title ix policies come after report cleary data. so we really want a situation where you are providing the survivor information with access to resources that she knows where he knows his rights and so that then if they choose to they can make a report. thea report. the key here is not to make that report mandatory. if you want to ensure that not another survivor comes to the police make reporting
mandatory. you can't take that power away. there are all kinds are ramifications reporting. to do to keep his who the reality is whichever when you go to. you might not necessarily have a choice. the other thing to keep in mind is especially with the cleary data collection this is a place they are supposed to be working with local police and there is room for better collaboration and better conversation about how town and gown can work together to make sure that they are doing the best they can. >> and has that information. >> it is a great question.
how can we find this information for the public or prospective student or parent or community member, one of the best things is that it is really a transparency oriented law. all the information that schools collect, report, put together as to be displayed in a few different ways. first and foremost every school puts out an annual security report every single year. it should be easy to find, and i encourage all of you to go to school that you know, typing annual security report and see what shows up. that is a wonderful place to start.start. when it comes to the actual numbers, reported incidents the department of education actually collects all of those carpets them in a database and makes it possible for anyone to look up, compare, collect data
and that is on the website that the department of education makes publicly available. we can make sure you have the url,url, and there are options for the ways that you can slice and dice the data that you can see the different cross blocks. blocks. that is what we use, publicly available data to look at this information, and anyone can do that in the community. i also want to stress that this covers more than sexual violence. while we have been focusing on rape because our particular interests, there are additional crime statistics, information about hate crimes and about a number of other. a comprehensive look at the safety of students, and schools can provide additional context about when comeau what, and what is being done in response.
we hope people will use it in that vein and think about what is being done. >> we have lots of regulations but they are not being followed. how can we best hold institutions accountable? >> we talked about one of the best ways, to look at the report. it is much more than statistics and in fact part of what we did in the 2013 reauthorization was to put in several different requirements that now need to be added, things that students, staff, faculty, can all look at, interested
outsiders, alumni. and let me let me tell you just a few other things. now they must add hate crimes motivated by gender identity bias for national origin which will be in there. a lot of research about violence against women potentially being a hate crime depending on how the context. the update the annual security report within the report they should be detailing what is being done which will give you a sense of the scope and less the procedures and steps and timelines institution will follow when a crime is reported so that you can see that they have thought it through. the sanctions should be listed see you have a sense
of what direction they are going. it is all we have seen as we have gotten into the conversation, some schools are providing ridiculous sanctions, book reports for people that have been found in administrative setting so we need to make sure schools are using the opportunity for the change agent. and provide clear options and support to students who report. within the report should be able to see who they are referring people to call a kind of services they have on campus so the students know for sure. they need to have services available.
and schools are required to give survivors the information whether it is a title ix report or a police report. and lastly the school was provide information on how to protect the confidentiality of survivors as well as notify them about counseling. what we are doing, this is all about campus crime in general, but in addition to these statistics what are you doing? the steps he taking control processes are in place? and that can be a gold mine for someone who wants to try and hold the school accountable. >> when you were talking about the cleary report and title ix two words jumped
out. are those described? does the school determine what is prompt and timely? >> the question was the terms and how we get a sense of how they work. the most important thing here is something that we mentioned earlier which is that our laws are not necessarily one-size-fits-all. they are meant to work with school policies and provide a framework. the department of education has given guidelines to help schools do the things they are supposed to do under the framework. schools have resources under title ix and the information
available to coordinators to help them work through the processes that they have to in a prompt manner. there are opportunities to be clear with students. many people do not know for a long time that way or if you are involved in a response to sexual violence on the campus and feel your school has not acted appropriately you have access to complain. they may investigate and we encourage people to look. they may need to bring it to the attention person enforcement action that that
is one of many tools available to help provide a framework to ensure students have their civil rights protected. >> i am just curious, talk about the implications of that unfortunate jackie's tory and what that does to efforts like ours? talk about the impact. this is a difficult question obviously one of the things we are concerned about is when rape and sexual assault is reported power survivors treated and if they are not treated well despite
circumstances notice when she treated well which is something we have to be concerned about. people don't want to come forward. at the same time we know folks who don't believe club folks who don't believe title ix should be addressing the issues even though it's clear that it has been addressing it all along would like to try and some respect to use that as an example of how are overreacting as part of whywanted to stress the earlier statistic that not only does campus sexual assault affect men, 7 percent with the men are
more likely to be sexually assaulted and be falsely accused of it. the myth that somehow there are tons of false rape reports andthe reality is there are not more there than any other crime. if you highlight those instances is a way of trying to downplay. that was regrettable. people of goodwill can have differing opinions, but the reality is you want to make sure that people can feel comfortable coming forward to report and people understand that false reports are not,. what is feeling it is how
often it is happening. >> pretty bohannon american university. what is the definition of sexual assault? >> it through surveys different. >> very much to the point, we can follow up off-line. there are slight differences. what you are hearing is not unwanted sexual contact often with the definition and for individual schools have a policy or procedure on campus which may be in line with the criminal code and maybe it's on the spectrum of harassment and violence that goes beyond
the crime and what we know our behaviors that impact women's access to education. big picture sexual harassment and violence are prevalent. >> yes. a great place to start is a resource of the white house department of education task force put together, loan, instructions for how to do a climate survey and information, collaborate is working together to figure out the best questions to ask if you can see it in the
surveys that have been released. one of the longest standing surveys from the university of new hampshire has done one. there is a public resource from the white house and department of education. >> there are couple of good players out there. >> they are good actors. was being done to encourage rhyolite? the best way to respond is to say we always try to mention it because there are hard-working title ix coordinator's doing what
>> >> but the reality is it is not new in his bid around 40 years. we are now holding you accountable having to do with social media the they don't have to do this themselves or reinvent though real. and it does not have to be rocket science. >> couple years ago i was at a meeting suggested they go to the elmo matter website can see how well they have been doing in speak up when
there is an opportunity to meet people from the university. mind was george mason so i went to their to see the policy and how well it was publicized on there website. >> since then to touch base with them every once in awhile with the efforts they have put in and, it is an ongoing program. >> there is a wonderful member here who heard a way to be accountable is go to your alma maters to use your alibi status to say what are you doing and is it working or how can i help? talk about a p.r. problem
and that is a big issue. >> to send a quick letter or tweet with one of the alumni pages. talking about this is an issue that you care about to be clear you know, what information did transparency now all but improvement over time. is sold that things will actually improve. we will hold you accountable. [applause] our next newsmaker is head of the selective services